Der halbe Stern : Die Geschichte eines Mischlings ersten Grades im Dritten Reich und seiner Eltern, der Mischehe eines deutschbluetigen Theaterleiters und seiner juedischen Ehefrau /

Bibliographic Details
In:Center for Jewish History: Digital Collections
Published: [Berlin], 1988
Place / Date: Berlin (Germany)
Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany)
Mannheim (Germany)
Vienna (Austria)
Extent:103 bound typescript (photocopy) +
Contributor: Krüger, Helmut (Creator)
Description:The memoir was written in 1988 in Berlin, Germany. The author describes his childhood in a protestant environment in Freiburg. Helmut Krueger had only sporadic contact to his wide-spread Jewish relatives. His mother Camilla was born in Vienna, where she started her training as an actress with Ferdinand Gregori. Her parents were the Jewish lithograph Eduard Ezechiel Joseph Davidson from Den Haag and Rebecca Stern from Hungary. Helmut's father Max Krueger was a theater director in Konstanz, Muenster and Freiburg. His parents met in Muenster, where both of them were engaged in theater productions. They married in 1912. Max Helmut was born in 1913, Answald in 1918 and in 1923 their sister Brigitte. In 1923 Max Krueger was offered a position in Freiburg, where the family lived until 1932. Rising political tensions in the 1930s. With Hitler's take-over in 1933 his father was forced to resign from his position. Helmut was arrested due to his affiliation to the communist party. His mother decided to convert to Protestantism in order to protect her family. Move to Berlin. With difficulties Helmut continued his interrupted studies at the Technical University in Charlottenburg, Berlin. Increasing persecution of "non-Aryans" and life between hope and despair. Answald and Brigitte were expelled from school due to their "non-Aryan" heritage. Brigitte found refuge in a Swedish Protestant church, where she worked as a secretary and escaped persecution. Terror of the November Pogrom of 1938 in Berlin. Helmut graduated from university in 1939 and was enlisted in the German army. His brother Answald and Helmut were able to remain in the army until 1941. In this way they hoped to be able to protect their family. ; After his dismissal as "non-Aryan" Helmut worked as a construction manager of subway bunkers in Berlin and Brest. Increasing difficulties in his position. In 1942 his fiance Hertha was expecting a child. Due to his heritage they were not able to legalize their relationship and lived together under restricted circumstances. Their child Christine Gabriele was born in November 1942. Helmut found an apartment for his mother in the outskirts of Berlin, where he hoped she would be able to remain undiscovered. In 1944 she was denounced and deported to Theresienstadt. In 1945 Answald and Helmut were taken to a forced labor camp for "Organization Todt". Liberation and interrogation by the Americans. ; Helmut Krueger was the son of a Protestant theater director and a Jewish actress. Born and baptized in Boemenzien (Altmark) in 1913, Helmut Krueger grew up in Mannheim and Freiburg. In 1933 he was imprisoned because of his former Communist activities. He studied engineering and was a soldier in the Nazi German army. ; Synopsis in file ; Converts from Judaism ; Deportations ; Forced labor ; Germany, history, 1933-1945 ; National socialism ; Nuremberg. Laws, statutes, etc.


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Rights Statement:Memoir is digitized.

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